Last Updated: 05 Jun, 2023 | Views: 480
Other Profession(s): Physician
Famous For: Physician, Created Apgar Score For Newborns
Higher Education: Mount Holyoke College Columbia University
Virginia Apgar was an American doctor, obstetrical anesthesiologist, and medical researcher best known for creating the Apgar Score, a rapid tool to evaluate a newborn child's health just after birth to help prevent infant mortality. To help doctors and nurses evaluate newborns' conditions, she created the 10-point Apgar score in 1952. The Apgar test analyzes a baby's breathing, skin tone, reflexes, movements, and heart rate at one minute and five minutes following birth. According to a friend, she likely did more than any other doctor to bring the issue of birth abnormalities out of secretive corners. She made significant contributions to the realms of anesthesia and teratology and helped develop the discipline of neonatology by bringing obstetrical issues to it.
In 1949: Apgar became the R&S's first female full professor.
In 1953: She developed the first examination, known as the Apgar score, to evaluate the well-being of newborns.
In 1959: After leaving Columbia, Apgar graduated from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health with a Master of Public Health.
In 1967: Apgar joined The National Foundation-March of Dimes as vice president and director of fundamental research.
In 1973: She received a position as a medical genetics lecturer at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health.
Achievements and Awards:
• In 1964: Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania honored her with the Honorary doctorate.
• In 1973: She was awarded the distinguished achievement Alumni Gold Medal.
• In 2020: Apgar was officially inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame.
• She got outstanding academic marks while also participating in seven sports teams, reporting for the campus news, and playing violin in the symphony.
• Apgar was appointed professor of anesthesiology at Physician's and Surgeons, making her the first woman to occupy such a position.