Last Updated: 09 Oct, 2023 | Views: 309
Profession: Historical Men
Other Profession(s): Politician
Famous For: Former King of England and Ireland
James II of England, a well-known king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born in London. He was the final Roman Catholic king or queen to rule the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland. A number of his subjects rebelled against him in the Glorious Revolution because they disapproved of his religious policies and despotic rule. His successors were his Protestant daughter and son-in-law, Mary II and William III, who jointly ruled in 1689, rather than his Roman Catholic son, James Francis Edward.
James II Legacy:
The unsuccessful pregnancies of Charles II's wife, Catherine of Braganza, added fuel to the suspicions of a Catholic monarch despite the compromise.
Titus Oates, a defrocked Anglican cleric, erroneously claimed that there was a "Popish Plot" to assassinate Charles and instal the Duke of York as monarch.
A wave of anti-Catholic frenzy spread over the country as a result of the made-up conspiracy. The Duke of York departed England for Brussels under the King's orders.
Assuming his new position as Lord High Commissioner of Scotland in 1680, he moved into Edinburgh's Palace of Holyroodhouse.
Despite the fact that James was the heir apparent, it didn't seem likely that he would actually succeed to the throne because Charles was still a young man and still able to bear children.
Thus, George I, Sophia's son and the Elector of Hanover—and Anne's second cousin—inherited the Crown when Anne passed away in 1714, less than two months after Sophia.
Achievements and Awards:
James II of England is renowned for being a Stuart monarch who fell out of favour because people thought he planned to make England a Catholic nation again. His later effort to invade Ireland was unsuccessful after he was forced to abdicate.
In 1715, soon after George I's succession, he led a rebellion in Scotland but was put down. Additional uprisings were also put down, and since the 1745 uprising led by Charles Edward Stuart, no significant effort has been made to reinstate the Stuart succession, but some people continue to support the Jacobite doctrine.
When William III passed away in 1702, Anne, the younger daughter of James, became the next monarch. Mary II passed away in 1694.