Last Updated: 07 Aug, 2023 | Views: 109
Profession: Historical Women
Other Profession(s): Queen
Famous For: Holy Roman Empress And Queen Of Hungary And Bohemia
Maria Anna, Queen consort of Portugal, was born in Spain. Being a marriable newborn, her marriage was once thought to be a way to enhance diplomatic relations with England, but such efforts failed due to religious incompatibilities. A few years later, she got engaged to Ferdinand Habsburg, then Hungary's king and ultimately Austria's emperor. In 1630, she was married by proxy in Madrid, and four years later, she added to the long tradition of endogamous unions by giving birth to a girl who would later marry her uncle, Philip IV.
Maria Anna of Austria was born sometime around 1634, the daughter of Ferdinand III of Austria and Maria Anna of Spain.
Maria was initially engaged to Baltasar Carlos, the Spanish crown prince, but after his passing, Philip IV decided to marry her.
Maria Anna was Philip's niece, but they married in 1649, and after that, she left Austria to live with the previous monarch in Spain.
In 1651, Maria gave birth to a daughter named Margaret Theresa of Spain, who later married Leopold III of Austria. Others were either stillborn or did not make it past infancy. Charles II, the long-awaited male heir, was born in 1661. The boy's genetic issues were most likely caused by the frequent intermarried between the Spanish and Austrian Habsburgs.
Maria Anna was appointed Philip IV's regent until the boy reached adulthood. Maria Anna relied extensively on Fernando Valenzuela's advice, particularly that of Johann Eberhard Nithard, a German Jesuit who served as her confessor.
When Charles II turned 14 in 1675, she resigned as regent. She received a 300,000 ducat annual pension from Philip IV.
Maria attempted to stay in Madrid, where she was near the court and the seat of government. Still, John of Austria, Philip's son by another woman who had considerable sway over his half-brother, compelled her to travel to Toledo.