Last Updated: 14 Dec, 2022 | Views: 264
Other Profession(s): Politician, Jurist
Higher Education: Howard University (LLB)
During his lifetime, Thurgood Marshall rose through the legal profession ranks to become an Associate Justice. The influence Thurgood Marshall had on the U.S. judicial system as a Solicitor General and a Judge on the Second Circuit Court. With sheer brilliance and hard work, he rose from humble beginnings to achieve whatever he set his sights on. His fight against racial discrimination led him to become the first African-American justice in American history.
In 1936: It was in 1936 that he began working with the NAACP after graduating and setting up private practice in Baltimore.
1936: When he opened his private law practice in 1936, he successfully sued the University of Maryland Law School for racial policy, ending racial segregation at the university.
1940: A 32-year-old Chambers won his first "U.S. Supreme Court" 'Chambers v. Florida' case.
In 1944: Marshall won the 'Smith v. Allwright' case, which was a major victory for him during the 1940s.
1950: McClaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents and Sweatt v. Painter were two cases he successfully argued before the Supreme Court in 1950.
During his 1951 trip to South Korea and Japan, he investigated allegations of racism in the United States military.
In 1954: Thurgood Marshall won the Brown v. Board of Education case in Topeka, becoming one of the country's leading lawyers.
1957: A separate firm from the NAACP, he became president-director of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc..
1961: Thurgood Marshall was appointed to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy.
1992: U.S. Senator John Heinz Award
1992: Liberty Medal for ‘protecting individual rights.’
1993: Presidential Medal of Freedom, posthumously.
As a Supreme Court justice, he retired in 1991. During George H.W. Bush's presidency, he was replaced by Clarence Thomas.