Last Updated: 26 Jul, 2023 | Views: 382
Other Profession(s): Physicist, Chemist
Famous For: Scientist who invented radium
Higher Education: Doctor of Science degree (PH.D)
Marie Curie is a well-known physicist and chemist born in Warsaw. As the first female professor at the "University of Paris," she was also the first woman to receive a "Nobel Prize." She is the only person to have won the prestigious award in two scientific domains and the only woman to have done it twice. Marie Curie, a renowned physicist and scientist devoted her life to inquiry and learning. She has made important discoveries that have inspired scientists all over the world. Her research exposed scientists to a different way of thinking about matter and energy, shattering the mainstream scientific belief. Not only did Curie invent the word "radioactivity," but she also developed the theory behind it. Furthermore, polonium and radium as we know them today were discovered because of her unwavering dedication and laborious work. She even contributed to developing the method for separating radioactive isotopes during her lifetime.
Marie successfully isolated radium in 1910 and established the first international standard for radioactive emissions, which was later given her last name.
Marie has had many things named after her, including institutions, universities, streets, parks, and museums. In addition, her life and work have been depicted in several artistic creations, books, biographies, films, and plays.
Besides Marie's contributions to science, she significantly contributed to "World War I" by founding the first-ever military field radiological centers. Due to prolonged radiation exposure, she passed away in 1934.
Achievements and Awards:
Marie and Pierre Curie shared the physics "Nobel Prize" in 1903 for their outstanding contributions and collaborative studies on the radiation phenomena identified by Professor Henri Becquerel.
For her numerous accomplishments, including the discovery of radium and polonium, the isolation of radium, and research into the makeup and compounds of radium, Marie was given the chemistry "Nobel Prize" in 1911.
Marie is the only person to have won the prestigious "Nobel Prize" in two fields of science and the first woman to do so.
She is credited with creating the word "radioactivity."