Last Updated: 15 Sep, 2023 | Views: 189
Profession: Social Worker
Other Profession(s): Social Activist
Famous For: Labor Organizer And Civil Rights Activist
Higher Education: Holy Names University
Luisa Moreno was born on 30th August 1907 and died on 4th November 1992. She was a leader in the American labor movement and a social activist. In 1950, she returned to Guatemala, where she organized workers, led strikes, wrote pamphlets in both English and Spanish, and agreed to attend the 1939 Congreso de Pueblos de Habla Espanola, the "first national Latino civil rights assembly."
Luisa Moreno Career:
Luisa Moreno Union And Civil Rights Activism
• Luisa Moreno worked as a seamstress in Spanish Harlem during the Great Depression to support her daughter and unemployed husband. She organized a garment workers union for her Latina coworkers.
• Luisa Moreno joined the American Federation of Labor (AFL) 1935 as a professional organizer. Her husband had become physically abusive, and she went to Florida to unionize black and Latino cigar rollers.
• In 1940, Luisa Moreno became the editor of the Spanish-language newspaper of the United Cannery, Agricultural, Packing, and Allied Workers of America (UCAPAWA), a Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) member.
• Luisa Moreno was among the organizers of the El Congreso de Pueblos de Habla Espaola (Spanish-speaking People's Congress) in 1939, along with Josefina Fierro de Bright and Eduardo Quevedo.
• After a year off from UCAPAWA, she visited Latino workers on the East Coast and the Southwest and allied herself with refugees of the Spanish Civil War.
Luisa Moreno Deportation
• Luisa Moreno and Gary Bemis, her second husband, left the United States for Mexico City on 30 November 1950. The reason for her deportation was that she was a Communist Party member once.
• Luisa Moreno spent time teaching on the island after the 1959 Cuban Revolution. Her death in Guatemala was followed by interviews with several historians.
Luisa Moreno Legacy
• The importance of Luisa Moreno in the pre-Chicano and American labor movements is often underestimated. Activists and historians have reconstructed her role in the movements since the 1970s. Judy Baca memorialized Cal San workers in her Great Wall of Los Angeles mural.
• A mural of Los Angeles history includes an image of Moreno's face surrounded by images of strikers to honor her memory. "American Enterprise" at the National Museum of American History features Moreno's story.