Grace Hartigan was an American Abstract Expressionist painter and a member of the New York School in the 1950s and 1960s. Her friends included Jackson Pollock, Larry Rivers, and Helen Frankenthaler, and her paintings are held by major institutions such as the Museum of Modern Art. Hartigan studied mechanical drafting and painting with Isaac Lane Muse, and her early career was characterized by total abstraction. Later, she incorporated recognizable motifs and characters into her work. In addition to painting, Hartigan influenced young artists as the director of the Maryland Institute College of Art's Hoffberger School of Painting.