Justine Siegemund, also known as Siegemundin, was a Silesian midwife who lived from 26 December 1636 to 10 November 1705. Her famous Court Midwife, published in 1690, was the most widely read German obstetrical manual written by a female author. Siegemund started practicing midwifery after being mistreated by incompetent midwives. She was a renowned midwife, providing free services to poor women in her community, including peasant women. Siegemund was appointed the city midwife of Legnica/Lignitz and the court midwife of Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. She also served as a royal midwife for Marie-Amalie, Duchess of Saxony-Zeitz, and attended many other births within the Berlin area.
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