Last Updated: 20 Mar, 2023 | Views: 422
Other Profession(s): Gunsmith
Famous For: Invention of the Gatling gun
Higher Education: University of Cincinnati
Richard Jordan Gatling, a well-known American inventor, was born in North Carolina, US. The Gatling gun, often regarded as the first effective machine gun, is the invention for which Gatling is most remembered. The Gatling gun was created initially to lower the number of deaths during the American Civil War and eventually developed into the first rapid-firing weapon employed in combat. Gatling became known as a notable inventor at age 21 when he developed the screw propeller for steamboats. However, he later learned that the idea had already been patented.
In 1839, he created a screw propeller and a wheat drill (a planting tool).
Gatling continued to develop machinery, mostly for farming, and in 1850 he created a machine for breaking hemp.
Gatling was prosperous enough in business by the early 1850s to propose to Jemima Sanders.
He also created the steam plow in 1857.
He created the Gatling gun, which has carried his name since 1862.
The American Army purchased these weapons in 1865, and during the following few years, Gatling refined their design. In 1870, a factory was established to manufacture the weapon.
Gatling returned to St. Louis, Missouri, to establish a new business to produce his steam plows in his later years.
Gatling created a motor-driven plow in 1900, but he passed away in February 1903 in New York City.
Gatling spent the entirety of his life as a Methodist.