Last Updated: 02 Apr, 2023 | Views: 132
Other Profession(s): Mathematician, Electrical Engineer, Cryptographer
Famous For: Father of Information Theory
Higher Education: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MS, PhD)
Claude Shannon, an American mathematician and electrical engineer, produced revolutionary advances, particularly in the fields of information theory, digital circuit design, encryption, and telecommunications in the domains of electrical engineering and mathematics.
He is regarded as one of the most significant individuals in the history of contemporary digital circuit design and communication technologies and is known as the "Father of Information Theory."
Claude Shannon Education:
Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering and Mathematics, University of Michigan, 1936
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering, MIT, 1937
PhD in Mathematics, MIT, 1940
Claude Shannon Career:
Research Mathematician, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, 1940-1941
Research Mathematician, Bell Telephone Laboratories, 1941-1956
Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT, 1956-1978
Claude Shannon Invention/ Contributions:
The 1948 publication of "A Mathematical Theory of Communication" marked the beginning of the area of information theory.
Development of entropy as a gauge of a probability distribution's level of uncertainty.
Design of the first digital circuit, a relay-based simulation of a "analyzer" for a computer.
The first time the term "bits" was used to designate binary digits, among other groundbreaking achievements in cryptography
Contributions to the evolution of digital circuit design, including the creation of the first Boolean algebra-implementing electronic circuit
Claude Shannon Awards and Honors:
National Medal of Science, 1966
Kyoto Prize, 1985
IEEE Medal of Honor, 1966
Harvey Prize, 1976
Claude Shannon Death: At the age of 84, Claude Shannon passed away on February 24, 2001. In Medford, Massachusetts, he passed away as a result of complications from Alzheimer's disease.
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